No. 374,769.Patented Dec. 13, 1887.
United States Patent Office.
Sidney A. Aloe, of St. Louis, Missouri.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 374,769, dated December 13, 1887.
Application filed February 15, 1887. Serial No. 227,690. (Model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Sidney A. Aloe, of the city of St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safety-Razors, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, and in which—
Figure I is a perspective view of my improved razor. Fig. II is a front view showing part of the blade broken away. Fig. III is aside elevation showing the handle and part of the spring-arm in section.
My invention relates to certain improvements in safety-razors; and it consists in features of novelty, hereinafter fully described, and pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the drawings, 1 represents the body of the razor, which may be made in the shape shown in Fig. I, or in any other desirable shape. The upper and lower edges of this body are connected by end strips, 2, against which the blade bears, and against which the blade is held by lugs 4, formed upon the ends 2, the lugs being U-shaped, as shown at 5, Fig. II, to engage the blade.
6 represents a roller-guard provided with journals 7, fitting in holes made in the lower ends of adjustable plates 8, which fit and are held against the strips 2 by means of screws 9. These screws pass through slots 10 in the plates 8, and it will be seen that by loosening the screws the roller-guard may be adjusted up or down with relation to the blade, so that as the latter wears the roller may be adjusted to compensate for the wear. The blade is held in place between the lugs 4 and the end strips 2, by means of an arm, 11, which fits on top of the body 1 and is secured to the body near the blade by a screw, 12, passing through a slot, 13, therein. It will be seen that when the arm is forced forward over the blade the latter will be held in place.
To provide a means for automatically releasing the blade, I secure spring-wings 23 to the arm 11, that bear against the body, as shown in Fig. I, which (when the pressure is removed from the arm 11) force the latter back into the position shown in dotted lines, Fig. I, removing the forward end of the arm from over the blade, and when the arm is forced forward into the position shown in full lines the blade is again engaged by the forward end of the arm. The arm is held in place by means on the handle 14 of the razor, the inner end of the handle fitting over a screw, 15, on the back of the body 1 and the screw 15 passing through the outer end of the arm 11. It will thus be seen that by unscrewing the handle the arm will be allowed to move backward under the influence of the spring-wings 23, and by screwing upon the handle the arm will be forced forward again. I thus provide a cheap and effective means of holding the blade in place.
16 represents a holder for the blade while being sharpened, which is made to telescope in the handle 14, and which is provided with a stud or button, 17, by which it may be moved in and out.
I claim as my invention—
1. In a safety-razor, in combination with the body formed to receive the blade, a spring-arm connected to the body and movable transversely thereon, and a handle for moving and holding the arm in engagement with the blade, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. In a safety-razor, in combination with the body formed to receive the blade, an arm connected to the body and provided with spring-wings and a handle, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In a safety-razor, in combination with the body formed to receive the blade, the arm 11, having slot 13, screw 12, spring-wings 23, formed upon the arm, screw 15, and handle 14, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
Sidney A. Aloe.
In presence of—
Geo. H. Knight,
Edw. S. Knight.