InventionImprovement in Razors
FiledTuesday, 6th August 1867
PublishedTuesday, 6th August 1867
Safety razors with one or more blades arranged longitudinally to the handle
Performing Operations; Transporting
Hand Cutting Tools; Cutting; Severing
Hand-Held Cutting Tools Not Otherwise Provided For
Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor
Razors of the open or knife type; Safety razors or other shaving implements of the planing type; Hair-trimming devices involving a razor-blade; Equipment therefor involving changeable blades
Parts not referenced in the text: None
Parts not referenced in the images: None
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Gouverneur Carr, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Razors for Shaving; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification, in which—
The same letters indicate like parts in all the figures.
The object of my said invention is to mount a razor-blade in a stock that any one, however unskilled, may shave himself with greater ease and without danger of ever cutting the skin.
And my said invention consists in combining a razor-blade with a smoothing, guiding, and protecting gauge forward of the cutting-edge, by means of which a person, however unskilled, can shave himself with greater ease; which gauge will smooth and stretch the skin forward of the cutting-edge the better to present the beard to the action of the cutting-edge, guide the blade at the proper angle for effective cutting, and at the same time prevent the skin from being cut.
And my said invention also consists in combining the razor-blade with the gauge by means of a hinge joint and holding mechanism, so that the cutting-edge may be set at any desired distance from the said gauge.
And my said invention also consists of a two-part case combined with the razor-blade, the two parts of the case and the blade being connected by means of a hinged joint so that the blade can be reversed at pleasure and set to be used for shaving with either of the two gauges.
And my said invention also consists in combining the razor-blade with the hinge of the case by means of a stock, to which it is connected at the heel end by a pin-joint, the said stock being so formed that when set for shaving the back of the blade shall be within and held by the said stock, and when turned out and the two-part case closed that the whole length of the cutting-edge of the blade shall project beyond the end of the case, so that when closed the case may be used as a handle for strapping or otherwise sharpening the blade.
In the accompanying drawings,
I have thus described the nature of my said invention, and the mode of construction which I have tried, and found to answer a good purpose, but I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the mode of construction herein specified, as this may be varied within the range of my said invention by the substitution of equivalent devices. Nor do I wish to be understood as limiting my claim of invention to the use of all my said improvements in connection, as it will be obvious good results may be obtained by the use of some of them without the others.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is—
1. The combination of a razor-blade with the guiding-gauge, substantially as and for the-purpose specified.
2. The combination of the razor-blade and guiding-gauge by moans of a hinge joint and holding mechanism, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination of the two guiding-gauges, or two-part case, with the razor-blade, by means of a three-part hinge, or the equivalent thereof, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
4. The combination of the razor-blade, the stock to which it is hinged, the guiding-gauge, the connecting hinge, and the holding mechanism, substantially as and for, the purpose specified.
W. H. Bishop,
Andrew De Lacy.